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Umgang mit Bären in Banff, Rocky Mountains

In der Tourist Information von Banff habe ich mir ein paar Wanderungen zeigen lassen die innerhalb eines Tage abgewandert werden können. Bei dieser Gelegenheit wurde mir auch die Broschüre für den Umgang mit Bären gereicht in der beschrieben steht wie man mit Bären umgehen sollte. Die Seen östlich von Banff sind vollständig abgesperrt und um ganz Banff herrscht Erhöhtes Bärenaufkommen. Ich habe nachfolgend den entsprechenden Text aus der Broschüre mal für euch abgeschrieben.

If you see a bear

Stop and remain calm. Get ready to use your bear spray. Do not run away. OBSERVE:

Is the bear UNAWARE of your presence?

Move away quietly without getting its attention.

Is the bear AWARE of your presence?

Bears may bluff their way out of an encounter by chargin and then turning away at the last second. Bears may also react defensively by woofing, growling, snapping their jaws and laying their ears back.

  • Stay calm. Your calm behaviour can reassure the bear. Screams of sudden movements may trigger an attack.
  • Speak to the bear. Talk calmly and firmly. This lets the bear know you are human and not a prey animal. If a bear rears on its hind legs and waves its nose about, it is trying to identify you.
  • Back away slowly. Never run! Running may trigger a pursuit.
  • Make yourself appear BIG. Pick up small children and stay in a group.
  • Do not drop your pack. It can provide protection.
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If the bear approaches

Stop and remain calm. Get ready to use your bear spray. Do not run away. Assess the bear’s behaviour and determine why it is approaching.


The bear is feeding, protecting its young and/or surprised by your presence.It sees you as a threat. The bear will appear stressed or agitated and may vocalize.

  • Try to appear non threatening.
  • Talk in calm voice.
  • When the bear stops advancing, start slowly moving away.
  • If it keeps coming closer, stand your ground, keep talking, and use your bear spray.
  • If the bear makes contact, fall on the ground and play dead. Lie still and wait for the bear to leave.


A bear may be curious, after your food, or testing its dominance. In the rarest case, it might be predatory – seeing you as a potential prey. All of those non-defensive behaviours can appear similar – and should not be confused with defensive behaviours.

  • The bear will intent on you with head and ears up.
  • Talk in firm voice.
  • Move out of the bears’s path.
  • If it follows you, stop and stand your ground.
  • Shout and act aggressively.
  • Try to intimidate the bear.
  • If it approaches closely, use your bear spray.

Handling an attack

Most encounters with bears end without injury. I a bear actually makes contact, you may increase your chance of survival by following these guidelines. In general there a 2 kinds of attack:


This ist the most COMMON type of attack.

  • Use your bear spray. If the bear make contact with you: PLAY DEAD! Lie on your stomach with legs apart and position your arms so that your hands are crossed behind your neck. This position makes you less vulnerable to being flipped over and protects your face, the back of your head and neck. Remain still until you are sure the bear has left the area.

These defensive attacks a generally less than two minutes in duration.

If the attack continues, it may mean the attack has shifted from defensive to predatory – FIGHT BACK!


The bear is stalking (hunting) you along a trail and then attacks. Or, the bear attacks you at night. This type of attack is ver rare.

  • Try to escape into a building, car or up a tree. If you cannot escape do not play dead. Use your bear spray and FIGHT BACK! Intimidate that bear: Shout, hit it with a branch or rock, do whatever it takes to let the bear know your are not easy prey. This kind of attack is rare but serious because it usually means the bear is looking for food and preying on you.


It is very difficult to predict the best strategy to use in the event of a bear attack. That is why it is so important to put thought and energy into avoiding an encounter in the first place.

Jetzt kennst du dich aus! Es ist für Deutsche ungewohnt solche Informationen zu lesen. Was sagst du zu diesem Kulturunterschied? Wie fühlst du dich, wenn du durch kanadische Wälder wanderst?